The world is a much more dangerous place today than it was a few decades ago. While law enforcement has become more efficient, criminals have also become more suave when it comes to their actions. In fact, even if the police forces were doubled all over the world, it still wouldn’t make an impact to counter all criminal activities. This means that common citizens have to become aware of threats and do everything in their power to keep themselves safe.
This is why interest in pepper sprays and pepper spray effects have increased in recent years. If you are also planning to use a pepper spray to protect yourself in case of an unforeseeable event, then you should make sure that you know all there is to know about pepper sprays. The following will answer questions like; what is pepper spray? What does pepper spray do? And, What are the most common pepper spray effects?
What Is Pepper Spray?
Pepper spray is known by multiple other names as well, such as OC spray, OC gas, and capsicum spray. Pepper spray is, essentially, a non-lethal chemical compound that has inflammatory qualities. These unique qualities of pepper spray makes it ideal for various purposes such as self-defense, crowd control, and riot prevention. The main ingredient that pepper sprays are based on is known as oleoresin capsicum.
Oleoresin capsicum is the chemical responsible for making chili peppers hot. Production of pepper spray involves getting high concentrations of oleoresin capsicum by finely grinding capsicum and then extracting capsaicin from it with the help of ethanol or some other organic solvent.
The commercially available pepper sprays are a combination of capsaicin, water, propylene glycol, and nitrogen or some other propellant. Pepper spray is not always based on naturally occurring capsaicin. Some types of pepper sprays are also based on synthetic analogues of oleoresin capsicum. For instance, pelargonic acid vanillylamide is used in the United Kingdom and pelargonic acid morpholide is used in Russia.
How Pepper Spray Works?
Pepper spray works on the basis of the inflammatory agent that it contains. The primary benefit of using pepper spray on someone is that the individual will lose eyesight for a certain amount of time. In self-defense, this blinding allows the victim to run away from the assailant and when it comes to crowd control, the blinding makes it easier for the law enforcement authorities to subdue aggressive crowds.
In addition to blinding, pepper spray also causes discomfort in various other ways. The discomfort caused by the use of pepper spray, in combination with its blinding effects, actually help individuals to either evade their assailants or for the police to subdue aggressive crowds.
How long the individual remains disabled by the use of the pepper spray largely depends on the strength of the pepper spray. Typically, the effects of pepper spray last for anything between 30 to 45 minutes. It is also important to note that some effects of pepper spray can fade within 15 minutes while others can affect the individual for the rest of the day.
Usually, pepper spray does not leave any lasting health damage to the individual it is used upon. However, studies have revealed that repeated use of pepper spray can result in the discomfort becoming more permanent. Furthermore, pepper spray, on some occasions, has been known to facilitate death. Such situations usually require special circumstances, such as the individual suffering from asthma or other similar respiratory problems and being on some special medicines.
What Are The Effects Of Pepper Spray?
Pepper spray effects are largely debilitating which means that they impair the ability of an individual to act with strength and agility. This is why pepper spray is often seen as a paralyzing or immobilizing agent. Here is a detailed account of what pepper spray effects are on an individual.
Pepper spray is always directed at an individual’s eyes. Thus, the first pepper spray effects are usually seen in the individual’s eyes. Typically, a pepper spray can result in partial or complete involuntary loss of sight as it affects the eye capillaries by dilating them. This means that the individual’s eyes will remain bloodshot for a period between half an hour and one hour. Contact lenses and sunglasses cannot prevent the effects of pepper spray.
2. Respiratory system:
Pepper spray affects an individual’s respiratory system as well. The effects of pepper spray on the respiratory system manifest through immediate inflammation, which can prevent the individual from receiving enough oxygen to operate normally. This means that the person will not be able to tax himself and would be virtually immobilized or paralyzed.
The respiratory pepper spray effects, i.e. inflammation will directly result in uncontrollable gagging, retching, gasping, and coughing. At the same time, it is important to note that the airway is not completely blocked off, which means that the individual can remain alive. Respiratory effects of pepper spray can last for anything between 10 minutes and 40 minutes.
Pepper spray often results in the individual being unable to shout or make much noise. The reason for this is that pepper spray effects often result in temporary paralysis of the person’s larynx.
Pepper spray effects on an individual’s skin can also be very uncomfortable. The effects on the skin usually result in a burning sensation and inflammation often accompanied by rashes.
Finally, as primary pepper spray effects are on an individual’s eyes, it can also result in a person losing his muscle coordination. Loss of sight and discomfort, in other words, may result in the individual losing his balance.
Pepper spray effects can be difficult for the user as well, which is why any leakages or improper usage can result in the owner also feeling some discomfort.